A sinusitis infection is the inflammation of tissue lining. When your nasal passage becomes blocked due to mucus it’s a sinus infection. Sinus infection is not caused only by cold there are many other reasons that cause sinus. Sinus and cold both are two different things the main difference is how long it lasts. The cold lasts more than 1 week and chronic sinus lasts for more than 2 months. Sinus cane is acute and chronic. Sinus infection is common in those having weak immune systems.
Acute sinusitis is an inflammation that lasts for more than 2 to 3 weeks.
Chronic sinusitis is an inflammation that lasts for more than 10 to 12 weeks. It can also last for years.
Causes of a sinus infection:
- Nasal polyps
- Respiratory tract infection
- Allergies to dust and pollution
- Exposure to chemicals
- Runny and blocked nose.
- Facial pain and pressure
- Thick mucus
- Bad breath
There are different treatments to cure sinus some of the following are as follows:
Nasal decongestant sprays:
Decongestants come in sprays, pills, and drops but nasal sprays are considered to be the effective ones. Decongestants shrink the inflamed vessels and tissues that help to relieve congestion. The overuse of nasal decongestant sprays may lead to a rebound phenomenon.
Antibiotics are helpful to fight against bacterial infections. it may not be helpful if caused by viruses and Antibiotics for acute sinusitis are used for one week and for chronic sinus antibiotics are used for a longer time or as prescribed by the doctors. Some antibiotics for sinus infection are:
Painkillers are used by people for sinus infection to ease discomfort. People with sinusitis take over-the-counter medicines like ibuprofen and acetaminophen. Make sure that you consult a doctor before using these painkillers. Don’t take these medicine for more than a week.
When you are suffering from chronic sinusitis you’re your doctor may recommend you inhaled steroids that may help you in reducing the inflammation and relieves the discomfort. You may have to take this by mouth if not cured by sprays.
Drink lots of water:
To avoid sinus infection make sure you drink a lot of water. Drinking lots of water helps in thinning the mucus that unblocks the nasal passage and makes it easy to breathe. Try to drink lots of water and fluids so that it may keep you hydrated.
One main reason behind sinus infection maybe lack of rest or fatigue. So make sure you take complete rest to avoid sinus infection and if you have sinus infection then take complete rest it will help to reduce the infection.
If medicines, sprays don’t work for sinus infection than doctors go for surgeries as a last resort. Nasal surgery is done by an otolaryngologist. In nasal surgery, the surgeon can remove nasal polyps, open the blocked passages. Following are the surgeries are done by surgeons to cure sinus infection:
- Endoscopic Sinus Surgery
- Image-guided sinus surgery
- Balloon sinuplasty